Activity is a law of nature
In nature, every living being attains its complete physical development by the simple use of its means of locomotion, defense and work. So much so that man did not need "physical education" as long as he had to support himself and ensure his safety through his own activity.
He achieved his integral physical development by living in the open air and practicing only the natural and utilitarian physical activities for which his body is specially adapted.
Reasoned and methodical education
Today, it is impossible, with the modern way of life, to achieve physical perfection, relying on one's instinct alone to practice natural activities. Our living conditions partly spare us the effort to meet our needs and adapt to the constraints of nature. However, our organism has remained physiologically the same. Its development capabilities are unchanged.
Therefore, everyone must compensate for these deficiencies to achieve their complete physical development. And then, voluntarily, he must:
- Devote sufficient time to physical action
- Use gestures that are natural to his species, i.e. walking, running, jumping, climbing, etc … in the fresh air
- Produce, without harming your body, a dose of activities close to that of a whole day of life in the open air, in its natural state
The Natural Method is quite simply the adaptation to the conditions of our current way of life of the means employed by living beings in the natural state to acquire their integral physical development.
Hebertism is the implementation of the "Natural Method" of physical education. It is based on the reasoned return to physical activity in the most natural conditions possible. It was created during the twentieth century by Georges Hébert.
As early as 1913, fame very quickly called the "Natural Method", "Hébert Method" and then by a derivative of its name, "Hébertisme".
It is therefore his action, his work, which have taken over time the name "hebertism". Depending on the country (France, Germany, Belgium, Brazil etc.) or institutions (Firefighters, Scouts, Army etc.) it is one of the two terms that is used and known.
Comprehensive education: the 3 cultures
1° Culture of the body
Hebertism uses all the gestures specific to man, that is to say walking, running, jumping, climbing, throwing, etc … while producing a dose of activities close to that which would represent a whole day of life in the middle of nature.
The multitude of natural and utilitarian exercises offered ensure integral physical development, increase organic resistance, breath and endurance, develop the entire musculature, speed, skill, balance, etc …
Outdoor practice allows you to enjoy the benefits of air, water and sun, as well as harden the body to cold or heat, thus strengthening natural immunity.
2° Culture of action
To develop energy, courage, willpower, composure and all the other qualities of action, you have to face real difficulties during training sessions. Jumping real obstacles, more or less difficult climbs, balanced passages in height, struggles of all kinds …, always adapted to individual abilities, are the best ways to develop these qualities of actions.
These exercises also have an obvious usefulness that is valuable in stressful situations, or perilous, vertiginous or even dramatic (fire, accident, natural disaster, etc.).
3° Ethical culture
The physical strength acquired, itself reinforced by the qualities of action which considerably amplifies the field of possibilities of action, can unfortunately be used for harmful purposes. Many "brutes" possess a force that they use to commit their misdeeds or assaults.
An ethic, based on the superiority of reason, must preside over the use of acquired force. The search for beneficence, mutual aid, respect or dedication in all its forms, in a word "altruism", must lead to the completion of a perfect education in the noble and true sense of the term.
The body is a whole.
Just as there is no need to try to develop it "in pieces", the physical and the mental are also inseparable.
The real strength
In the purely physical field, strength consists in possessing a certain number of qualities: organic resistance, muscularity, speed, skill, etc., and to be able in the different families of exercises.
In the field of action, strength consists in possessing energy, willpower, courage, etc. Brilliant physical qualities can be destroyed if they are not supported by these so-called qualities of action.
In the ethical field, it is a question of developing a moral strength by directing feelings in a useful and altruistic path. True force must be seen as the result of these three particular forces.
"Be strong to be useful"
Physical Education by the Natural Method
Definition of physical education
From the above, Georges Hébert gave this definition of physical education:
Methodical, progressive and continuous action, from childhood to adulthood, with the aim of:
- Ensure integral development,
- Increase organic resistances,
- Highlight skills in all types of essential natural and utilitarian exercises: walking, running, quadrupedia jumping, climbing, balancing, throwing, lifting, defending, swimming,
- Develop energy and all other qualities of action,
- Subordinate the whole to a dominant moral idea: altruism.
A fine example of training a particularly developed subject (A. Fain – Brazil)
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