L'entraînement naturel

Purpose of physical education

Recall that the primary purpose of physical education is characterized by:

  • The search for the development of general resistance which is the foundation of health,
  • The acquisition of sufficient skills in all exercises of practical utility, the whole of which forms the ten groups or families of exercises: Walking, running, jumping, quadrupedia, climbing, balance, lifting, throwing, defense and swimming.

Did you say "complete"?

Practicing the Natural Method or hebertism does not mean practicing one, or several, of the 10 families of exercises: one would then find oneself, in this case, in an exclusive practice and not in a global development research. Nor does it mean practicing 5 or 10 families as one could do in athletics or in disciplines such as the "pentathlon" or "decathlon". Here again, the practice would still be very incomplete, because very specialized in each family, as we will see on this page.

Did you say "natural"?

Practicing the Natural Method or hebertism does not mean practicing analytical, jerky or broken down exercises, piece by piece. All movements in nature are "whole", rounded, flexible. Harmony is one of the main characteristics of natural movement. To be convinced, it is enough to watch the animals evolve in their natural environment.

Did you say "utility"?

Practicing the Natural Method or hebertism does not mean performing exercises that are not of practical use: for example, if a jump is not used to overcome an obstacle, is its interest not limited? It has, in fact, no practical "utility" and will not develop qualities such as glance, courage, self-control etc. Physical training by the Natural Method aims to lead to the development of physical faculties. And this in all areas of the force.

Difference between Sport – Physical Activity – Complete Training

To fully grasp the distingo with other practices, it is first of all a question of agreeing on some definitions.

1° SPORT

The primary goal of "sport", its DNA, is to win: defeat a time, a distance, a height, an opponent, win a match, etc. Its purpose is therefore not, above all, the search for health, beauty or strength in the sense that we have been able to define it in the chapter "definition of strength". It does not have as its primary vocation to be educational. He is often very specialized and seeks, in his specialty, a qualification, a victory or the establishment of a record. In order to be the best, the winner, it is often necessary to restrict his field of action as much as possible in order to reach a peak in a very limited field. The driving force of activity is competition. The field is restricted. The activity is not complete, is rarely natural, and is rarely utilitarian.

Be the winner
Be the winner
Beat a time
Beat a time
Achieving Glory
Achieving Glory
Win a cup
Win a cup

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Flat track
Flat track
Adapted shoes
Adapted shoes
Unfixed bar
Unfixed bar
Fallout on the back
Fallout on the back
and.. on mattress
and.. on mattress

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example:

Let's take the example of an athlete in athletics, specialist in high jump and study the conditions of execution:

  • The elk track is flat, without roughness, made of flexible material, dry, etc.
  • The call foot is the right – or the left – (and never one and then the other) depending on the predisposition of the athlete.
  • The shoes are specially adapted.
  • The conditions are met to achieve a goal: to cross a "line" placed as high as possible.
  • The jump is indoors or outdoors where the weather must then be "mild".
  • The bar to be crossed is not fixed and will fall in case of collision.
  • The fallout is irrelevant, since only the height crossed counts. The fall, the fall, takes place in a foam mattress, on the back.
  • A medal, a ranking in a higher category, a photo in the newspaper, a reward, etc. will eventually encourage or flatter the ego of the one who has beaten, exceeded this or that goal or opponent.

Sport gives itself the means to achieve the goal it sets for itself.

2° PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

It aims to provide relaxation, pleasure, well-being, etc … By relying on a physical expenditure, it allows practitioners to benefit from the benefits of this expenditure, which remain, however, in fact, limited to the field of activities in question. If it is of real interest and is to be encouraged, the activity is often incomplete, not always natural or utilitarian. It can be part of training if it complements generalized training.

The family in the park on bicycles
Young woman riding a horse
Parents with children walking by hiking trail
Male golf player on professional golf course. Golfer with golf club taking a shot
Young man learning to windsurf in the sea at beautiful turqouise water - Cesme, izmir
Mountaineer backcountry ski waling in the mountains. Ski touring in high alpine landscape with snowy trees. Adventure winter extreme sport.

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3° COMPLETE TRAINING by the Natural Method

It seems a given nowadays that the diet must be varied and balanced. A slogan like "5 fruits and vegetables a day" seems to make sense. It must be the same in the field of "physical activity" for which variety and richness are just as indispensable. No sporting specialty, the purpose of which is not development or health, provides this variety; Just like feeding on only one food. And to illustrate the richness that the exercises offer, we take the example of jumping and will study it in 2 aspects:

  • The possible richness of execution of a simple high jump
  • The extreme variety of the jumping family

3.1° The richness of execution

To take the example of the athlete specialized in high jumping, let's examine the differences in possible execution between sports practice and Hebertist practice:

Sport

Natural practice

  • The elk track is flat, without roughness, made of flexible material, dry, etc.

  • The terrain is such that it is, that is to say often uneven, in gradient more or less large, hard or soft, slippery, etc.

  • The call foot will be the right OR the left depending on the predisposition of the athlete, and this always with the aim of the best performance.

  • The call will be made on one and then on the other foot in order to promote balance and harmony of the body. it will also be done with the 2 feet joined, etc.
  • The shoes are specially adapted. (spikes, grip, rigidity, support…). Again, they must participate in outperforming the result.

  • Shoes must be suitable for all situations and are therefore not specialized; Ideally the shoes can be "minimalist" (without "drop", flexible, thin sole …). And when possible, the feet are bare.

  • The jump takes place indoors or outdoors, or the weather must be mild. (reduced wind strength, no rain…)

  • On location. The weather, like the terrain, is changing and allows the body to harden in all conditions.

  • The bar to be crossed is not fixed and will fall in case of collision. It is not a question of overcoming an obstacle but simply of raising the body to the greatest possible height.

  • The obstacle to be overcome is more or less fixed or rigid; it can optionally be crossed with the support of the feet, hands or body.

  • The fall, has no value in performance and takes place on a foam mattress, the jumper falling on his back. It is not a question of getting out unscathed from a jump, but of having crossed the fixed height.

  • The fall is as important as the jump itself, and is most often done on the feet (or rolls, etc)… because a bad fall can have painful or even hurtful consequences.

3.2° The richness of exercises: their extreme variety

We have seen the extent of the possibility of performing a high jump and also how to transform an exercise with a purely sporting purpose into an exercise with a utilitarian purpose. Let us continue in order to grasp now the extent and technical richness of the Natural Method. And let's take our example: The athlete does "high jump". This is his specialty. In hebertism, the jumping family, which is itself only one of the 10 families of exercises, includes, without it being possible to mention them all here, the following major subfamilies:

Bursts
Bursts
Actual jump
Actual jump
Jumps with apuis
Jumps with apuis
Jumps with shackled feet
Jumps with shackled feet
Jump-dive
Jump-dive
Uncertain drop-off terrain
Uncertain drop-off terrain
Address break
Address break

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  • in height
  • lengthwise
  • in depth
  • mixed (height + length, length + depth, etc.)

Secondary jumps

  • against top
  • in support
  • repulsed
  • Etc

Bursts (sudden jumps)

  • in situ
  • in height
  • lengthwise
  • lateral
  • Back
  • against top
  • Etc

Address jumps

  • in situ
  • in height
  • lengthwise
  • lateral
  • Back
  • against top
  • Etc

Jumps with machine (stick, etc the previous jumps with the help of a stick, pole vault, Combined jumps by combining the other categories … Knowing that most jumps can themselves be:

  • figurative (fictitious or flexible obstacle for learning purposes)
  • real (barrier, rocks, walls, puddles, shrubs …)
  • with momentum, without momentum,…
  • front, side, back,…
  • with a load, an object, a bag
  • Etc

it appears that variety and wealth seem almost unlimited… In the previous page, it was simply presented, extremely succinctly, the main effects and benefits of each family of exercises, but it was not made the detail, as started above for the jump, of the variety of exercises of each family. See all 10 families